Curriculum‎ > ‎Second Grade‎ > ‎


Children will have experiences that enable them to understand and confidently use the scientific method. The content areas covered in the curriculum scope and sequence include life science, health, earth science, and physical science. Skills embedded in the scientific method include observation, questioning, investigation, recording, and measurement. Four approaches to learning content and using skills are inquiry, collaboration, reflection, and action. These four approaches are called “cornerstones.” As much as possible, elementary science education is hands-on exploration and direct experience with the natural world and our place within it. The second grade science curriculum includes a study of our forest, (life science), units on the seasons and rocks/soil, (earth science), and two short units, one on the physical properties of matter and one on sound, (physical science). The second grade health unit focuses on nutrition and healthy choices.


The Forest

  • Learn similarities and differences of animal and plant species
  • Learn about interdependence of animal and plant species (decomposition, predator and prey)
  • Learn classification of plant and animal species
  • Understand changes of the forest over time (seasonally, over centuries)


  • Observe that soils have different textures and colors
  • Observe the types of soil found on school property
  • Learn why soil is important
  • Learn how soil is formed

  • Categorize rocks based on observable characteristics
  • Learn what rocks are found in the local landscape
  • Describe seasonal changes in the forest
  • Describe seasonal changes in the landscape
  • Describe seasonal air changes
  • Describe seasonal human adaptations

Physical Properties of Matter

  • Describe objects in terms of the materials from which they are made (clay, cloth, paper)
  • Describe objects in terms of physical properties (i.e. color, size, shape, mass, texture, flexibility)
  • Describe characteristics of matter common to solids and liquids (i.e mass take up space)
  • Describe characteristics that distinguish solids and liquids as different phases of matter
  • Explore how the total mass of an object is fixed despite changes in shape (i.e. mass of paper flat versus mass of paper crumpled)

  • Learn how sound travels from a source, through the air, and bounces off objects
  • Observe that sound is created through vibration
  • Explore how sound can be concentrated (i.e. use of megaphones)